A Cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compound that acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neural transmitter release in the brain. CBD interacts with the brain receptors reducing feelings of pain or anxiety. The human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that receives and translates signals from cannabinoids. The ECS helps to regulate functions such as sleep, immune system response and pain. Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the body and are part of the endocannabinoid system, which is involved in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain sensation, mood and memory. CBD itself activates or inhibits other compounds in the endocannabinoid system.
For example, CBD stops the body from absorbing anandamide, a compound associated with regulating pain. So, increased levels of anandamide in the bloodstream may reduce the amount of pain a person feels. CBD may also limit inflammation in the brain, body and nervous system which may benefit people experiencing pain, insomnia, and certain immune-system responses.
Terpenes (fragrant oils) are large classes of molecules which are found in many plants that are known to provide medicinal effects. The terpenes and the cannabinoids found in CBD provide an entourage effect.